Protect Your Ears This Summer

One way to take the fun out of the summer is having a bout with an ear infection (or double the fun with both ears aflame). Any place where you can take a dip—the backyard pool, the municipal facility, the lake or ocean, a river or creek—can harbor bacteria that can get into your ear canal and cause the inflammation and irritation commonly known as swimmer’s ear.

The best option to avoid this common summer annoyance—especially if swimming is a big part of your routine—is to invest in a pair of swimming earplugs. They will keep the germs at bay.

There are a wide variety of off-the-shelf options available, while more serious protection custom-fitted models—which are molded to the contours of your very own ear canals—are an option that your hearing health professional can provide.

Anyone who’s planning to spend time in the water should consider using earplugs. This is especially true for kids who have a history of ear infections or who are currently using ear tubes to treat chronic issues. The same holds true for adults.

And though most modern hearing aids are designed to resist moisture, few are actually fully waterproof. That means you should take them out when going for a dip. Of course, taking hearing aids in and out is one way to create abrasions on the skin of the ear canal—another is inserting a Q-tip in your ear—which makes you more susceptible to come down with a case of swimmer’s ear. So, using swimming earplugs is an even better idea for anyone who uses hearing aids.

If time in the water—which is probably dirtier than you might think—is part of your summer plans, then seriously consider making swimming earplugs part of your seasonal gear.

Where’d That Sound Come From?

During a recent appointment, a patient asked us about hearing certain sounds – the occasional “snap, crackle, and pop” – that disappear as fast as they appeared. Quite the mystery for the patient, but we’d come across this phenomenon before!

You see, your ear has lots of parts. Little, intricate segments that do amazing things and almost always last a good, long time. But occasionally something can go awry.

For example, there’s the tympani muscle. It’s one of the ear canal’s real heroes, springing into action when something loud—like your chewing and the start of a clap of thunder—occurs that could damage other parts of the ear. The tympanic reflex muffles sound on its way to the inner ear (but sadly did not evolve to deal with fast-moving sound waves from gunshots).

But when the tympani is having a moment and engages in a muscle spasm, it can create a low rumbling sound that seems like it’s come out of nowhere.

Another small part of the ear that can occasionally go haywire is the Eustachian tube, another vital little piece of hardware. It creates a passageway between the ear canal and nasal cavity. When you swallow or chew gum to relieve ear-popping, this is the relief valve that brings relief by equalizing pressure.

But if it’s clogged up due to an ear infection, head cold, or allergies that relief is not only more difficult, but a crackling sound is often a side effect. Get rid of the congestion and the annoying sound goes away with it.

And then there’s good old earwax, which when accumulated in the wrong place—say, piled up against the eardrum—can cause a constant buzzing and ringing. Usually, this will rectify itself, but if not, don’t try to dig out deeply buried earwax, since doing so can cause more significant damage. Let a professional deal with it.

Those are just a few of the reasons why your head is filled with odd sounds.

Long Haul COVID and Hearing

These days, we’re finding that most of our patients have elected to be vaccinated against the COVID-19 virus. It’s no wonder that the spread of the disease, at least here in the United States, is on the downslope and the attention among many researchers is turning to people who got the virus and never fully recovered.

Known as “COVID long haulers,” this minority of patients got over the life-threatening aspects of the infection but never shook all the symptoms completely. According to a recent study, completed in Britain and published in The Journal of the American Medical Association, the estimate is that about 10 percent of COVID-19 patients fall into the long-COVID category.

But for some, symptoms included changes in their hearing, with the most common ear-related side effects for long haulers including tinnitus, vertigo, and hearing loss. More common long-COVID conditions include fatigue, breathing issues, joint pain, cognitive problems, and heart inflammation.

It is possible that issues with the circulatory system can cause subsequent issues in the ears, since they are very dependent on good blood flow (one reason why sufferers of diabetes are twice as likely to have hearing loss issues).

The problem is not only that the virus can attack parts of the body other than the lungs but also that the aftermath of treatment, especially intense hospitalization, can be traumatic, visit

Tinnitus, which is a persistent ringing sound, appears to be the most common hearing-related side effect. One study found that 40 percent of COVID patients already dealing with tinnitus reported that it got worse.

With this in mind, it is important to get to understand your current hearing abilities via a baseline evaluation, performed by a local hearing professional.

The plight of long haulers will continue to be studied. One encouraging development is that a significant number of patients have reported that their symptoms have markedly decreased after getting vaccinated (another medical development requiring further study).

Is Earwax Really So Evil?

Earwax has a bad rap, generally considered something to get rid of and, for some people, a downright disgusting aspect of being human.

But the fact of the matter is earwax is actually a pretty important part of your ears’ self-defense mechanism.

That sticky texture that freaks some folks out? All part of the design matrix. Because one thing earwax does is to throw up a roadblock to any dust, dirt, and debris that’s gotten into the ear canal. This is important before it gets too far into the ear canal and potentially causes damage to the crucial parts of the inner ear.

Earwax also has antibacterial and antifungal properties that help control ear infections, the bane of many a childhood (and sometimes adulthoods too). So, score another one for earwax, especially if you’re a swimmer since earwax helps stand guard against whatever might be in the water.

And there’s more. Earwax can also act as the inner ear’s airbag when there is trauma to the head. It basically helps keep parts of the ear from moving out of place when jolted.

So, given all of that, getting obsessive about “cleaning out” earwax is not advisable. This is especially true when using a cotton swab to dig it out, since it’s not at all uncommon for people to damage their ears doing this by pushing earwax into the middle and inner ear (where all the important parts are). Less severely, shoving all the earwax back into the ear often leads to blockage that can inhibit hearing and, in some cases, make infection more likely.

The best option is to not fiddle too much with your earwax. When it’s done doing its work, what’s leftover will make its natural journey to the outer ear, dry out on its own, and drift away naturally.

Giving the Gift of Hearing at the End of a Long Year

The last year—the lockdown—has been one of sacrifice, loss, and determination for us all. It’s called for adaptation and a recommitment to charitable giving as we’ve realized that we’re all in the same boat.

Back in December, we carried out our Gift of Hearing event. It was our third annual giveaway, which features open nominations of people who—because of their public service or unique circumstances—are not only facing hearing issues but are thought deserving of winning a free pair of premium hearing aids.

Like the United Way drop boxes that you’ll find at our office—ready for personal items like toothpaste, toothbrushes, shampoo, soap, razors that will be directed to food pantries and community shelters—the “Gift of Hearing” event was a way to “pay it forward” in these challenging times.

Given the realities of 2020, we couldn’t choose just one deserving recipient, so we picked two.

One of our winners was Vivian, who—prior to the COVID-19 lockdown—was renown for her volunteering. Known far-and-wide for her Italian cooking (and cookies too), her drive to stay busy was definitely sidetracked by the pandemic. So to was her access to her five great-grandchildren. But with the light at the end of the tunnel in sight, we hope her new hearing aids will help her fully embrace “getting back to normal.”

Our second winner was Earl, a man who has worked hard—like a farmer works hard—all his life. Raised in a farm family of thirteen, he was doing chores by the age of nine and now, well into his senior years, continues to work hard—including as a caregiver. We hope his new hearing aids make the many sporting events of his grandchildren, which he’ll be able to start attending again soon, even more enjoyable.

Any Quick Fixes for Hearing Loss?

Are there any ways to treat hearing loss and turn back the tide? Like athletes who suffer injuries, get treatment, and go through rehab until they eventually get back to where they were performance-wise (or at least close)?

Unfortunately, hearing loss is usually a lot more permanent than a sports injury. There are treatment options for some situations, but the fact is that most people lose their hearing because parts of the inner ear wear out — either as they age or when suffering exposure to excessive noise — and there is not currently any way to replace those tiny sections of the ear.

There is significant research beginning on the use of gene therapies to treat a wide range of hearing issues, but actual treatments are years away. Likewise, drug therapies are being explored — including clinical trials on treatments that seek to regrow the tiny hair cells that translate sound waves into electrical impulses to the brain — but they too are nowhere near being marketed.

In some cases of sudden hearing loss — usually, after exposure causes inflammation in the ear canal — steroid treatments, if quickly administered, can reduce the risk of permanent hearing loss.

Xanax is the only drug that helps me against my constant fears. Have done many therapies, behavioral therapy, clinic and depth psychology, and hypnosis, unfortunately with little success. Antidepressants at help well.

Profound hearing issues can be treated with Cochlear implants — which surgically bypass the cochlea where those vital tiny hairs are located — but this is considered a significant procedure. Hearing aids are a required first option before Cochlear implants can be considered for adults.

A few specific conditions have corresponding procedures. Bone-anchored hearing systems (BAHAs) treat certain ear canal irregularities. A stapedectomy is the insertion of a prosthesis to replace bones in the middle ear that are vital to moving sound waves into the inner ear. Pressure equalization (PE) tubes can be inserted in cases of significant fluid buildup that is causing hearing issues.

But the reality is that most hearing loss does not have a “quick fix” other than learning to use a hearing aid to make up for issues deep inside the ear.

The Smallest Gets Even Smaller

The Lyric line of hearing aids by Phonak has been a trendsetter since first being introduced in 2007. It was the first extended-wear and invisible model on the market and can be used for months without being removed. And its in-the-ear fitting means that, in the age of COVID, it doesn’t get caught up on the ear loops of masks.

And 2021 will see the latest upgrade to the line with the release of the Lyric4.

Somehow, the already small-enough-to-be-invisible Lyric has been made even smaller, making it even more comfortable. Its ruggedness factor has also been cranked up by better protecting it from earwax and other material that can degrade performance.

New users have reported that the smaller size reduces skin irritation and made using a Lyric even more seamless. This has led to an increase in the already high fitting success rate for units placed in the ears of users. And a redesigned moat around the medial port receiver reduces the opportunity for debris to interfere with the Lyric’s functions, meaning units will last longer after installation.

For most users, comfort is one of the two most important factors in rating hearing aid (the other being performance). The Lyric has always rated high in both areas and the Lyric4 boosts comfort significantly. Its invisibility is also a highly rated feature.

“There’s no daily maintenance so wearers can live their life without thinking about their hearing aids,” explained the vice president of marketing for Sonova (Phonak’s parent company) Martin Grieder. “This is extremely important for many consumers and reinforces why Lyric is such a valuable part of the Phonak portfolio.”

The Lyric4 will come in seven sizes to meet the needs of almost any consumer.

Being Low Stress Will Help Your Hearing

The bad news is that chronic stress can actually degrade your hearing.

Lucky that 2020 has been so stress-free.

Where’s the good news? Well, in this case, there isn’t any — though there are ways to mitigate this reality.

Hearing is not the only area of health that is negatively impacted by stress. This list is, unfortunately, long and well-known: a whole host of cardiovascular impacts (diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease), a weakened immune system, and numerous mental health effects are put at risk by stress.

And why is hearing health part of that list? Because the finely-tuned apparatus of the ear is very dependent on the efficiency of the body’s cardiovascular system. This is especially true of the sensory hair cells that are a critical part of the ear. Without them, electrical signals are not sent to the brain after sound waves have been collected by other parts of the ear. And without good blood flow, these hairs can die off — and unlike outer body hair, they don’t regenerate.

This is yet another reason to mitigate your stress level. Here are some tips (other than turning off the news):

  • Take regular breaks from stress-inducing situations. This will do wonders.
  • Even just 20 minutes of exercise a day is proven to lower chronic stress.
  • Did you know that when facial muscles put a smile on your face that signals are sent to the brain that release endorphins (our natural happy pills)?
  • Humans are designed to enjoy social interaction.
  • Forms of meditation — common across human cultures — positively impact the body.

It’s been a long year. For the sake of your hearing — and everything else — try to manage the stress as best you can,

Your Hearing and Your Holiday

Some people love the family get together of Thanksgiving. Some grin and bear it. But no matter where one falls on that spectrum, anyone with hearing loss can find such events a challenge.

Being in a crowded holiday space means a congested auditory environment, making it hard to decipher individual words from the cacophony — and conversation a challenge.

If COVID-19 isn’t putting the kibosh on your Thanksgiving plans this year — and your hearing is an issue — there are some things you can do manage the day.

First, remember that taking breaks throughout the day will help. Working through hearing issues is hard mental work and getting some downtime to recharge will not only improve your comprehension but also probably lighten your mood. Walks around the block or sitting in the quietest room in the house are a good idea.

As far as strategies for when you’re in the thick of things, remember that where you position yourself in a room can be important. Not only will you spend a lot of time passing dishes around if you sit in the middle of the table, but you will also be trying to manage voices from either side and in front of you. Sitting at the corner of the table will cut down on the input you have to process. Likewise, stay away from sitting near the TV.

And let people who may not be aware of it know that you’re hard of hearing. Pride is not your friend in this situation. And use the hearing aid if you’ve got one. Trying to fake it will just lead to frustration. If you make it clear that hearing doesn’t come as naturally to you as to others, people will be far more likely to slow down and make things easier.

There’ll be plenty to talk about — hopefully not too much politics — so do everything you can to be part of the conversation.

Time to Take the Bull By the Horns

With October being National Audiology Awareness Month — coming after restricted access to hearing healthcare professionals due to COVID-19 restrictions — now’s a great time to go over some reasons why you should give your hearing issues some attention.

The fact is, ignoring them will not only lead to poorer hearing, but also make a host of other health issues more likely.

One of the most profound reasons, especially for those in middle age, is that poor hearing can contribute to brain atrophy. Hearing isn’t just about your ears. The auditory cortex, part of the temporal lobe, is a portion of the brain that also handles language. If there are issues with the functioning of your ears, this will have a snowball effect and lead to the performance of the auditory cortex degrading — or even switching over to other tasks (which makes hearing issues harder to deal with later).

Poor hearing can also cause issues with brain function in other ways. Alzheimer’s and dementia have both been found to be more prevalent in people with untreated hearing issues. One reason is the brain atrophy referenced above, while the loneliness that often accompanies poor hearing — which makes conversation difficult — is also a significant risk factor for developing Alzheimer’s.

This ties in with emotional health. Those with poor hearing have starkly higher rates of depression, Again, the challenge of social activities — when it’s so difficult to interact with people — is the primary driver of this phenomenon.

Poor hearing can even just make you more tired. This is known as listener fatigue and is tied to the brain pouring so much energy into interpreting the poor-quality sound it’s trying to process.

If you’ve gotten to the other side of COVID quarantine with some questions about your hearing, now’s the time to take action and “see” what’s going on.